Want to Raise Goats in Palu? Pay attention to these 10 tips for success
Becoming a farmer is one of the lucrative jobs because the income can be very high. Livestock business is and will continue to be a central economic activity because of the human need for livestock, one of which is goats. Raising goats can be an option because the market is still wide.
Actually doing goat farming practice can be said to be easy and difficult depending on how the care is given. Cleverness in choosing feed as well as the salinity of the cage are very important factors in it. Here's more about how 10 effective tips to be successful in raising goats:
1. Choosing the Type of Goat to Be Breeded
The first thing that needs to be done before doing goat farming is by choosing the type of goat to be raised. Just like other livestock, goats also have a variety of different types that also provide different advantages. The selection of the type of goat must be adjusted to your own wishes first.
Several types of goats that are commonly traded in Indonesia are Etawa goats, sheep, Java and arrowroot. The goats that are most often encountered are usually the Etawa type which has a large stature as a milk producer. There is also a type of white goat that is often used for meat consumption.
2. Pay attention to the Goat Cage
The main requirement that needs to be considered in building a goat farm is the construction of a cage. The cage here serves as a place for care and supervision of goats which when not built properly can harm the goats. One of the models commonly used is the stage cage.
Some things that can be done in building a goat pen are a distance of about 10 m from the house, sturdy materials, and sufficient opening area. Goat cages require sufficient lighting to be free from moisture and also easy to clean. A dirty cage will make the goat susceptible to illness.
3. Feed Selection
As the main need of every living creature, goats that are bred also require good feeding. Raising goats must pay attention to the green feed given because if it is not enough, the goat's growth will be disrupted. These cattle need about 5-7 kg of feed per head in one day.
There are many types of feed that can be given to goats ranging from legumes, fermented feed or even grass. This feed is actually not too difficult and you just need to pay attention to the quantity so that it is available all the time. When intending to grow your own, the most suitable feed is of the odot grass type.
4. Choosing 5-6 Months Old Goats for Breeding
If you are interested in choosing a goat that is treated with the aim of being sold for the purposes of Eid al-Adha, it would be better to buy a young goat aged 5-6 months. Goats of that age are usually considered resistant to disease and are easier to maintain with a profit of 700 thousand to 1 million rupiah.
Buying goats for the purpose of raising goats is better done in the month of Safar after the feast of sacrifice takes place. This is very important considering that usually in that month prices tend to be lower. The goat's posture is chosen as much as possible to have a wide chest, large forelegs, and thick back.
5. Pay Attention to Health and Disease Management
Diseases and health of goats are two things that need to be considered in raising this goat. There are many ways for disease to occur but the main thing that most often causes it is the cleanliness of the cage. Dirty and damp cages, and poor sanitation can make goats more susceptible to disease.
Not only cages, feeding that is not optimal can also cause the goat's body resistance to decrease. One of the tips that not many people know about is the isolation of newly acquired goats and sick goats. This isolation serves for treatment and also so that the disease is not contagious.
6. Silage and Fermentation of Feed
The thing that is most feared in raising goats is the lack of feed which can interfere with all activities. Goat farming itself is usually integrated with plant cultivation around the area. When the plants that are used to feed are in a condition that has not been harvested, of course it will be difficult.
The presence of silage and fermented feed makes the existing feed during the main harvest can be used for a long time. This is one of the applications of the latest technology when the feed is abundant but perishable. So that this feed can be resistant for a certain period of time and prevent a shortage of goat feed.
7. Alternative Animal Feed
Knowing alternative animal feeds is also important, especially when the number of livestock owned is very large. Knowledge of alternative feeds works when livestock lack feed so they can be more careful in providing feed. Instead of making the goat healthy, mistakes can lead to the death of the livestock.
Some alternative feeds that can be used, for example, are jackfruit leaves, mahogany leaves, palembang wood leaves, and so on. There are also feeds that can be made without requiring significant maintenance and limited land, such as hydroponic corn fodder. Make sure the alternative feed that will be given is free from caterpillars and disease.
8. Doing Good Financial Management and Planning
Raising goats is not just about raising and selling goats if you really intend to make this your main business. Management may sound complicated but in practice every farmer has actually done it. There's a lot to think about if you're going to grow.
Some important things that need to be realized are how much ability to handle the number of goats they have. In addition, there will also be many parameters that need attention from breeding to selling goats. Also pay attention to how the feed supply chain and labor wages are paid.
Another important thing is to do financial records and budgeting for your livestock business so that you can do business planning carefully based on your financial data.
For ease of recording bookkeeping and budgeting, you can use accounting software that has features that are suitable for livestock businesses and are easy to use even if you do not know deep accounting knowledge. One accounting software that is suitable for livestock business in Indonesia is Accurate Online.
Accurate Online is a cloud-based accounting software that has the most complete features and is suitable for all types of businesses in Indonesia, including livestock. You can try Accurate Online for free for 30 days via this link.
9. Master How to Breed Good
Beginners will think that breeding is only about raising chicks so that they can become one goat that is ready to be sold. But there are things that can be done so that the availability of puppies can be done alone, namely by breeding. Pay close attention to how to do good breeding so that the market is in your hands.
Of course, breeding goats is not easy, considering that breeders can only give birth twice in one year. The efforts made are also not easy and require high discipline. Prepare the best sires you have and also separate them from the mixed cage so that the breeding process can take place.
10. Choosing a Good Parent
If you are interested in producing goat breeding, then the thing that needs to be considered is how the breeders are. The broodstock will greatly affect the offspring that will be produced because each tiller will have relatively the same genetics as the parent.
A good mother goat has the characteristics of a tall and large posture with a large udder, two nipples, and in good health. Goats that have experienced 1-2 times will be highly recommended. Pay attention to the back heel, when it is still high, it means that the mother has not given birth yet.
Goat Livestock Cost Estimation
- Wooden cage (at Lazada) size 2 x 2 meters - IDR 3,000,000
- Goats aged 3-5 months IDR 600,000. - IDR 3,000,000
- Monthly grass feed fee - IDR 1,000,000
- Vitamin supplements and deworming - Rp1.000.000
- Electricity, cleaning, water and other operational costs - IDR 1,000,000
Total IDR 9,000,000